China has reportedly approved clinical trials for two more experimental vaccines to combat the novel coronavirus, Officials have said on Tuesday, as the world’s Scientists race to beat the pandemic.
The vaccines use inactivated coronavirus pathogens, and the approvals pave the way for early-stage human trials, Wu Yuanbin, an Official from China’s Ministry of Science and Technology, told a regular Press briefing.
China’s State Food and Drug Administration, had on Monday, approved one vaccine developed by a Beijing-based Unit of Nasdaq-listed Sinovac Biotech, Wu said.
Another vaccine, being developed by the Wuhan Institute of Biological Products and the Wuhan Institute of Virology, was approved on Sunday, he added.
China now has three different clinical trials for three possible coronavirus vaccines in the works.
Beijing approved the first trial for a vaccine developed by the Military-backed Academy of Military Medical Sciences and Hong Kong-listed biotech firm, CanSino Bio, on March 16.
That day, the United States, US, Drug Developer, Moderna, said that it had begun human tests for their vaccine with the US National Institutes of Health.
“Vaccination of subjects during the first phase of clinical trials, and the recruitment of volunteers for the second phase of clinical trials, began on April 9”, Wu said.
“It is the world’s first novel coronavirus vaccine, to initiate Phase II clinical studies.”
There are currently no approved vaccines or medication for the Covid-19 disease, which has killed more than 120,000 people worldwide, and infected nearly 2 million.
Chinese teams are also racing to develop vaccines using other methods, including using attenuated influenza virus vectors, or injecting specific nucleic acid.
Several of these projects are currently undergoing animal testing and quality inspections, Wu stated.
“The vaccines using the above technical methods are expected to be submitted for clinical trials in April and May”, he added.
Experts have raised hopes that a vaccine could be ready within 18 months.